What We Do

Ports & Harbours

Critical challenges for ports and harbours include safe vessel navigation, efficient layouts and reduced maintenance costs. Baird recognizes these issues and assists clients by providing solutions that reflect sound engineering supported by science and the practicalities of construction.

We apply our approach in various ways including optimizing port layout, minimizing vessel downtime, reducing sedimentation, and designing marine and coastal structures.

Our project sites range from existing ports with onerous space constraints to Greenfield locations requiring large scale planning.


Successful terminal operation revolves around quick and efficient handling of ship’s cargo. This relates to vessel downtime, which is a function of ship motion. Working with our clients, Baird uses physical and numerical models determine the extent and frequency of ship motions.

These investigations provide reliable information, which allows our clients to make informed decisions concerning investment costs, performance and downtime. They also provide engineers with design loads on mooring lines, fenders and structures, so that harbour and breakwater layouts are optimized.


Breakwaters allow for efficient operation of ports by creating protected water for berthing areas, vessel staging areas or marinas. Baird’s extensive and unique capabilities in planning, design and construction of breakwaters combines the latest advances in technology and research with in-depth practical experience.

Physical models allow the efficient design of structures and the definition of their impacts on the coastal environment. Our investigations result in truly innovative designs which consistently meet client objectives and substantially reduce construction costs.

Sedimentation & Dredging

Optimized basin and channel layouts minimize capital and maintenance costs associated with sedimentation and dredging.

Baird’s extensive experience and models are the basis for our successful designs and advice on dredging of ports and navigation channels.  Our techniques are grounded in a fundamental understanding of the evolution of natural landforms and channels in the marine environment.  Our work has involved some of the most challenging projects of this nature in the world, and has also provided us with a wealth of experience in regulatory approvals for dredging.


Metocean conditions are often the driving forces in development of marine facilities. Operability of facilities is affected by day-to-day metocean conditions, while structural survival during extreme conditions is critical to the design.

Baird carries out wave hindcasts and forecasts for regional areas and on global scales for clients in various sectors and locations. We use remote sensing of wind and wave conditions to produce calibrated and verified metocean conditions both in deep water and nearshore locations. Quality metocean analyses allow for facility optimization and improved cost efficiencies.