What We Do

Water Quality Solutions

Water is a non-renewable and precious resource. The pressures of urbanization, agriculture, and industry create an increasing need to protect, preserve and improve both water and sediment quality.

Baird works with private and public sector clients to develop water quality solutions from the design of intakes and outfalls to evaluation of waterbody health and assimilative capacity.

We provide a practical approach with cutting edge scientific methods including 3D hydrodynamic and water quality modeling and bio-indicator techniques to develop baseline data and long-term monitoring.


Drinking Water Risk Assessment

Protecting drinking water sources from contamination has become an important focus of governments in recent years. Baird’s experience in the evaluation and mitigation of vulnerability and risk associated with source water intakes is multi-faceted.

Our strengths in hydrologic modeling, 3D modeling of surface water in rivers and lakes and oceans, design experience with intakes make us uniquely suited to undertake these evaluations.  These projects often involve the consideration of complex interactions of different combinations of events and circumstances.


Outfall Design and Assessment

Surface waters are a key source of potable and industrial water supply. They are also used to assimilate contaminant loadings discharged from outfall structures. The analysis and design of both intake and outfall structures reflects the complexity of hydraulic environments and the desired performance of the system.

The design of these structures requires a thorough understanding of pipe hydraulics, local hydrodynamic conditions, near-field mixing processes and far-field advection/dispersion mechanisms. Baird’s technical expertise and experience results in cost-effective and accurate analysis and design of intake and outfall structures.


Thermal Plume Assessment

A primary source of thermal pollution is heated water generated by power plants and industrial manufacturers during cooling processes. This discharge can be harmful to aquatic habitat in the form of reduced dissolved oxygen levels, altered metabolic rate of aquatic animals, and migration of native species.

Baird’s assessment of thermal plume discharges employs both near-field and 3D far-field modeling techniques to analyze the impact on receiving waters. We assess existing systems for re-licensing purposes and plant expansions, and provide design recommendations for new outfall structures to meet regulatory requirements.


Assimilative Capacity

The occurrence of harmful algal blooms (HABs) and the contamination of drinking water occur when the capacity of receiving water to assimilate pollution is exceeded. These are very complex ecological processes.

Baird applies complex ecological models to evaluate the threshold for nutrient loading to avoid HABs or to prevent the development of hypoxic or anoxic conditions. Our success in these projects is a result of our cutting edge scientific capabilities combined with our ability to lead or contribute to multi-disciplinary teams.